Ochsenfurt is a town in the district of Würzburg, in Bavaria, Germany. It is situated on the left bank of the River Main, here crossed by a stone bridge, 13mi south from Würzburg by the railway to Munich, and at the junction of a line to Röttingen. Ochsenfurt has a population of about 11,000. Like Oxford, the town of Ochsenfurt is named after a ford where oxen crossed the river.It contained in 1911 an Evangelical and five Roman Catholic churches, among them that of St Michael, a fine Gothic edifice. There was then a considerable trade in wine and agricultural products, other industries being brewing and malting. It also has one of the largest sugar factories in Germany.It was one of the places in Germany that King Richard I of England was detained in 1193 while the king was returning to England from the Third Crusade.The premises of the former Carthusian monastery here, Tückelhausen Charterhouse, secularised in 1803 and largely converted for private residential use, contain a museum of Carthusian life. The monastery, dedicated to Saints Lambert, John the Baptist and George, was founded in 1138 by Otto I, Bishop of Bamberg, as a double canonry of the Premonstratensians. From 1351 it belonged to the Carthusians.